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Kalachand Sain

Kalachand Sain

Senior Principal Scientist, Head and Professor
the Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research of CSIR


Kalachand Sain received his M.Sc.(Tech) in Applied Geophysics from the Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad in 1988 and Ph.D. in Controlled Source Seismology from the Osmania University (CSIR-NGRI), Hyderabad. He visited Cambridge University (UK) and Rice University (USA) as a post-doctoral fellow. At present, he is the Senior Principal Scientist & Head of Gas-Hydrate Group at CSIR-NGRI, and is working on seismic attenuation, attributes, travel-time tomography, AVO modeling, full-waveform inversion, impedance inversion, rock physics modeling, prestack depth migration. His main interests include the delineation and assessment of gas-hydrates, imaging sub-volcanic sediments, and understanding the geotectonics from surface geophysical data. He has published 89 research papers in peer-review scientific journals, 62 non-SCI articles/reports, and guided for 58 dissertations as part of curriculum for M.Sc. Tech in App. Geophysics of several Indian Institutes/Universities. He has been recognized by a number of awards/fellowships; notable among them are (i) Fellow of National Academy of Sciences, India; AP Academy of Sciences, (ii) AP Scientist Award; Young Scientist Award of CSIR; National Mineral Award; Best Paper Award by Int. Ass. of Gondwana Research; Best Poster Award by Int. Con. on Oil & Gas by PETROTECH; and Swarnajayanti Project Award of DST, (iii) Bureau Member of International Lithosphere Program, (iv) Raman Fellowship; BOYSCAST Fellowship, (v) Krishnan Medal and Anni Talwani Memorial Prize of IGU, (vi) Prem Bahadur Memorial Lecture of IGC etc. He is a member of numerous National Committees, and Editorial Boards of Int. Journals such as the 'Episodes', 'Jour. of Geological Soc. of India', 'Int. Jour. of Earth Sci. & Engg.', 'Geohorizons'. He served as a Guest Editor in 'Marine & Petroleum Geology' by Elsevier and as a member of Editorial Board for the second edition of 'Encyclopedia for Solid Earth Geophysics' by Springer

Research Interest

Current Area of Research: (i) Exploration of marine gas hydrates; (ii) Imaging sub-volcanic sediments & (iii) Understanding geo-tectonics of several provinces in offshore & on land of India, and built expertise in seismic data modeling, inversion, processing and interpretation; attenuation; attributes; traveltime tomography; AVO modeling; full-waveform inversion; Impedance inversion; pre-stack depth migration; rock physics modeling etc.